Cognitive LOA

 

 

 

1• Outline principles that define the cognitive level of analysis (for example, mental representations guide behaviour, mental processes can be scientifically investigated).

Bartlet – War of the ghosts – Story
Bartlet – War of the ghosts - Study
Anderson and Pichert – Recall following a shift in perspective
Pezdek – Schema and memory for real world scenes

 

2• Explain how principles that define the cognitive level of analysis may be demonstrated in research.

Bartlet – War of the ghosts – Story
Bartlet – War of the ghosts - Study
Anderson and Pichert – Recall following a shift in perspective
Pezdek – Schema and memory for real world scenes

 

3• Discuss how and why particular research methods are used at the cognitive level of analysis (for example, experiments, observations, interviews).

Use two case studies (Clive Wearing and HM) and any two experiments.

 

4• Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at the cognitive level of analysis.

           
Dutton and Aron is a good example of deception.  Maybe Craik and Tulving.  Pezdek in the second experiment. Ethical issues in comparing cultures. Cole and Rodgoff.

 

5• Evaluate schema theory with reference to research studies.


Bartlet – War of the ghosts – Story
Bartlet – War of the ghosts - Study
Anderson and Pichert – Recall following a shift in perspective
Pezdek – Schema and memory for real world scenes


6• Evaluate two models or theories of one cognitive process (for example, memory, perception, language, decision-making) with reference to research studies.


Baddeley – Working memory model
Awh – PET scans and working memory
Squire – Multiple memory systems
Tulving – PET scans and episodic memory


7• Explain how biological factors may affect one cognitive process (for example, Alzheimer’s disease, brain damage, sleep deprivation).


H.M. – Brain damage and memory
Clive Wearing – Brain damage and memory
Bremner - Stress and Memory
Sapolsky - Stress and Memory

 

8• Discuss how social or cultural factors affect one cognitive process


Cole – Liberian Children
Bartlet – War of the ghosts – Story
Bartlet – War of the ghosts - Study
Rodgoff and Waddel – Mayan children

 

9• With reference to relevant research studies, to what extent is one cognitive process reliable?


Loftus – Reconstructive memory and eyewitness memory
Sapolsky - Stress and Memory
Talarico – Flashbulb memory
Bartlet – War of the ghosts – Story
Bartlet – War of the ghosts - Study
Anderson and Pichert – Recall following a shift in perspective
Pezdek – Schema and memory for real world scenes
Craik and Tulving

 

10• Discuss the use of technology in investigating cognitive processes.

Maguire - Recalling Routes around London
Awh – PET and working memory
Bremner – MRI & PET in PTSD
Cabeza - PET Study of Episodic Memory

 

11• To what extent do cognitive and biological factors interact in emotion.


Lazarus’ theory of appraisal
Selye – General Adaptation Syndrome
Dutton and Aron
Bremner – MRI & PET in PTSD


12• Evaluate one theory of how emotion may affect one cognitive process.


Brown and Kulick
Neisser - Phantom Flashbulbs – Challenger
Talarico – Flashbulb memory

Powerpoints


Memory Review

 

Elizabeth Loftus - Eyewitness Testimony