Sociocultural LOA

 

 

 

 

1. Outline principles that define the sociocultural level of analysis.

2. Explain how principles that define the sociocultural level of analysis may be demonstrated in research

 

The social and cultural environment influences individual behavior

We want connectedness with, and a sense of belonging to, others

We construct our conceptions of the individual and social self

 

5. Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour.

Milgram – Behavioral study of Obedience

Darley – The bystander effect

Higgins and Bhatt – Culture moderates the self-serving bias

Zimbardo – Stanford prison experiment

Miller, J. G. (1984). Culture and the development of everyday social explanation Found in M&K, Page 232

 

6. Discuss two errors in attributions

Higgins and Bhatt – Culture moderates the self-serving bias

Lau - Attributions in the Sports pages - Self serving bias

Miller, J. G. (1984). Culture and the development - FAE Found in M&K, Page 232

 

7. Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies.

Tajfel  – Social identity theory

Tajfel - Experiments in Intergroup Discrimination


Yuki - Cross Culture and Social Identity Theory

 

8. Explain the formation of stereotypes and their effect on behaviour.

Matsomoto -  Page 75

Tajfel  – Social identity theory

Langer - A Patient by any other Name

 

9. Explain social learning theory, making reference to two relevant studies.

Bandura – Bobo Doll

Anderson – Video Games and aggressive thoughts

Becker - Eating behaviours in Fiji

 

10. Discuss the use of compliance techniques.

Petrova - Compliance across Cultures

Freedman - Foot in the Door

Cialdini - Door in the Face

 

11. Evaluate research on conformity to group norms.


Asch – Group pressure on judgment. Conformity


Zimbardo – Prison experiment - Actual Journal Article
Zimbardo's Web Site
Stanford Prison Experiment Web Site

Jenness – Conformity in bean estimates - A Levels handout

Sherif – Conformity in auto kinetic effect experiment

Crutchfield – conformity with electronic displays - A Levels handout



12. Discuss factors influencing conformity

Asch – Group pressure on judgment. Conformity - Minority Influence

Zimbardo – Prison experiment - Social identity theory and the in-group of the Guards

Matsuda - Conformity among Japanese - The tightness of the group

 

13. Define the terms “culture” and “cultural norms”.

Matsumoto – Culture and Psychology, 3rd ed. Page 10 or page 24 in old book

Triandis - The many dimensions of culture

Triandis - ODYSSEUS WANDERED FOR 10, I WONDERED FOR 50 YEARS


Hofstede – Dimensionalizing cultures

14. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behaviour

Triandis - The many dimensions of culture

Triandis - ODYSSEUS WANDERED FOR 10, I WONDERED FOR 50 YEARS


Hofstede – Dimensionalizing cultures

Individualism / Collectivism

Higgins and Bhatt – Culture moderates the self-serving bias

Markus and Kityama – Culture and the self
Miller, J. G. (1984). Culture and the development of everyday social explanation (found in M & K)
Cousins - Culture and Self - Perception in Japan and US – Twenty statements test  (found in M & K)
Bloom, A. (1981 and 1984) – Answering multiple choice questions  (found in M & K)
Matsumoto et al (1988) - Ego focused emotions. (found in M & K)

Time Orientation


E.T. Hall – The silent Language

Birth – Any time is Trinidad time – found in “Clocking Cultures” handout

Chen - Time Orientation

 

15. Using one or more examples, explain “emic” and “etic” concepts.

Higgins and Bhatt – Culture moderates the self-serving bias

Matsumoto et al (1988) - Ego focused emotions. (found in M & K)

Triandis - The many dimensions of culture

Triandis - ODYSSEUS WANDERED FOR 10, I WONDERED FOR 50 YEARS


Hofstede – Dimensionalizing cultures

 

 

Dr. Zimbardo on the Psychology of Time Orientation